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THE EFFECT OF SMOKING ON THE BODY

Tobacco is dangerous to your health. There are no safe substances in any tobacco products, from acetone and tar to nicotine and carbon monoxide

Posted  194,774 Views updated 7 months ago

Tobacco is dangerous to your health.

THE EFFECT OF SMOKING ON THE BODY

Tobacco is dangerous to your health. There are no safe substances in any tobacco products, from acetone and tar to nicotine and carbon monoxide. The substances you inhale don’t just affect your lungs. They can affect your entire body. Smoking can lead to a variety of ongoing complication in the body, as well as long – term effect on your body systems. While smoking can increase your risk of a variety of problems over several years, some of the body effects are immediate. Learn more about the symptoms and overall effects of smoking on the body.

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

One of the intergradient in tobacco is a mood- altering drugs called nicotine. Nicotine reaches your brain in few second and make you feel more energized for a while. But as that effect were as off, you feel tired and crave more. Nicotine is extremely habit – forming, which is why people find smoking so difficult to quit. Physical withdrawal from nicotine can impair your cognitive functioning and make you feel anxious, irritated, and depress withdraw can also cause headaches and sleep problems.

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

When you inhale smoke, you were taking in substances that can damage your lung. Over time, this damage leads to a variety of problems. Along with increased infections, people who smoke are at higher risk for chronic non reversible lung conditions such as :-

·         Destruction of the air sacs in your lungs

·         Permanent inflammation that affects the lining of the breathing tubes of the lungs ( Chronic Bronchitis )

·         Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD), a group of lung diseases.

·         Lung cancer

Withdrawal from tobacco products can cause temporary congestion and respiratory discomfort as your lungs and airways begin to heal. Increased mucus production in right after quitting smoking is a positive sign that your respiratory system is recovering. Children whose parent smoke are more prone to coughing, Wheezing, and asthma attacks than children whose parent don’t. They also tend to have higher rate of pneumonia and bronchitis.

CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Smoking damages your entire cardiovascular system. Nicotine causes blood vessels to tighten, which restricts the flow of blood. Overtime, the ongoing narrowing, along with damage to the blood vessels, can cause peripheral artery disease. Smoking also raises blood pressure, weakens blood vessels walls, and increases blood clots. Together, this raises your risk of stroke. You were also at an increased risk of worsening heart disease if you have already had heart bypass surgery, a heart attack, or a stent placed in a blood vessel. Smoking not only impacts your cardiovascular health, but also the health of those around you who don’t smoke. Exposure to second hand smoke carries the same risk to a non smoker as someone who does smoke. Risks include stroke, heart attact, and heart disease.

INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM (SKIN, HAIR AND NAILS)

The more obvious signs of smoking involve skin changes. Substances in tobacco smoke actually change the structure of your skin. A recent study has shown that smoking dramatically increases the risk of squamous cellcarcinoma ( skin cancer ). Your fingernails and toenails aren’t immune from the effect of smoking. Smoking increases the likelihood of fungal  nails infection. Hair is not affected by nicotine, an older study found it increases hair loss, balding, and graying.

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

Smoking increases the risk of mouth throat, larynx, and esophagus cancer. Smokers also have higher rates of pancreatic cancer. Even people who “smoke but don’t inhale” face an increased risk of mouth cancer. Smoking also has an effect on insulin, making it more likely that you will develop insulin resistance. That puts you at increased risk  of type 2 diabetes and its complications, which tend to develop at a faster rate than in people who don’t smoke.

SEXUALITY AND REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

Nicotine affects blood flow to the genital areas of both men and women. For men, this can decrease sexual performance. For women, this can result in sexual dissatisfaction by decreasing lubrication and the ability to reach orgasm. Smoking may also lower sex hormone levels in both men and women. This can possibly lead to decreased sexual desire.

TAKEAWAY

Quitting smoking is difficult, but your doctor can help you make a plan. Ask them for advice. There are a variety of non prescription and prescription medications that can help you quit. You can also turn to our smoking cessation resource center, which has advice, stories from others and more. There are both short and long – term benefits to quitting smoking. Since smoking affects every body system, finding a way to quit is the most important step you can take to living a longer and happier life.


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